Exercise and sport
Keeping joints and muscles healthy is one of the most important goals for someone with haemophilia. Clotting factor replacement therapy can stop or even prevent bleeds, but it cannot restore joint and muscle function after a bleed occurs.
Regular exercise will help protect joints by increasing the size and power of muscles, and strengthening tissues around the joints so they can cope much better with everyday stresses and strains. Stronger muscles offer better joint support and this, in turn, reduces the risk of bleeding.
Gentle activities and non-contact sports (see box for recommended sports or activities) should ideally become part of the daily routine for children and adults with haemophilia.
Sports that are not recommended include boxing, competitive football, rugby, karate and wrestling.
The top 10 sports/activities recommended by doctors for people with haemophilia are:
- Table tennis